J. Nucl. Phy. Mat. Rad. A

Analysis and characterization of neutron scattering of a Linear Accelerator (LINAC) on medical applications.

A. Lima Flores, R. Palomino-Merino, E. Espinosa, V.M. Castaño, L. Guzmán-gatica and G. Espinosa

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  • DOI Number
    https://doi.org/10.15415/jnp.2017.51007
KEYWORDS

Neutron Scattering, Linear Accelerator (LINAC), Nuclear Track Methodology

PUBLISHED DATE August 07, 2017
PUBLISHER The Author(s) 2017. This article is published with open access at www.chitkara.edu. in/publications
ABSTRACT

In several theoretical and experimental studies, the topic of the undesirable generation of photoneutrons in rooms where a linear accelerator (LINAC) operates has been discussed. When energies above 10 MeV are used to produce X-rays and give radiotherapy treatment to patients resulting in additional radiation to patients. Accordingly, an analysis and characterization of the neutron scattering distribution on different zones in a treatment room contributes to evaluate the radiological health risk to patients, technical and other workers involved in treatment. For the evaluation, a device developed at the PAD-IFUNAM formed by a CR-39 detector enclosed by two 3mm thick acrylic plates was employed. To avoid environmental contamination, the CR-39 and the acrylics plates are enclosed in a round plastic box. Sixteen of these devices were settled in different places inside the treatment room, where a linear accelerator is used. The results show a significant concentration of neutron scattering in areas near the head of irradiation. The recommendation will be to evaluate the neutron scattering concentration in all rooms that’s operates a LINAC in order to verify the radiological health risk and to mitigate the neutron scattering when concentration levels are to high like those in our case, in order to avoid unnecessary exposition to patients and personnel in general.

Page(s) 65–78
URL http://dspace.chitkara.edu.in/jspui/bitstream/1/867/1/51007_JNP_Lima-Flores%20Buap.pdf
ISSN 2321-8649
DOI https://doi.org/10.15415/jnp.2017.51007
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