J. Nucl. Phy. Mat. Sci. Rad. A.

Improvements to the X-ray Spectrometer at the Aerosol Laboratory, Instituto de Fisica, UNAM

L V Mejía-Ponce, A E Hernández-López, S Reynoso-Cruces, J C Pineda, J A Mendoza-Flores, and J Miranda


X-ray fluorescence analysis, Silicon Drift Detector SDD, chemical composition of atmospheric aerosols, Standard Reference Material 2783

PUBLISHED DATE August 6, 2018
PUBLISHER The Author(s) 2018. This article is published with open access at www.chitkara.edu.in/publications.

Due to the demands of better (accurate and precise) analytical results using X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) at the Aerosol Laboratory, Instituto de Física, UNAM, it was necessary to carry out improvements in instrumentation and analytical procedures in the x-ray spectrometer located in this facility. A new turbomolecular vacuum system was installed, which allows reaching the working pressure in a shorter time. Characteristic x-rays are registered with a Silicon Drift Detector, or SDD, (8 mm thick Be window, 140 eV at 5.9 keV resolution), working directly in a high-vacuum, permitting the detection of x-rays with energies as low as 1 keV (Na Ka) and higher counting rates than in the past. Due to the interference produced by the Rh L x-rays emitted by the tube normally used for atmospheric and food analysis with Cl K x-rays, another tube with a W anode was mounted in the spectrometer to avoid this interference, with the possibility to select operation with any of these tubes. Examples of applications in atmospheric aerosols and other samples are presented, to demonstrate the enhanced function of the spectrometer. Other future modifications are also explained.

Page(s) 57-60
URL http://dspace.chitkara.edu.in/jspui/bitstream/123456789/739/1/09_JNP.pdf
ISSN Print : 2321-8649, Online : 2321-9289
DOI 10.15415/jnp.2018.61009
  • Z. B. Alfassi, Non-destructive Elemental Analysis. Oxford: Blackwell Science, Ed. (2001).
  • R. E. Van Grieken, A. A. Markowicz, Handbook of X-ray Spectrometry. New York: Marcel Dekker, Eds. (2002).
  • A. A. Espinosa, et al., Instrumentation Science and Technology 40(3), 603–617 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1080/10739149.2012.693560
  • R. V. Díaz, J. López-Monroy, J. Miranda, A. A. Espinosa, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 318(1), 135-138 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nimb.2013.05.095
  • Romero-Dávila, E. J. Miranda, J. C. Pineda, AIP Conference Proceedings 1671, paper 020006 (2015).
  • Manual for QXAS. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) (1995).
  • M. C. Hernández, et al., Journal of Nuclear Physics, Material Sciences, Radiation and Applications, 5(1), 25–34 (2017). https://doi.org/10.15415/jnp.2017.51003