Understanding the Basics of Final Unification With Three Gravitational Constants Associated With Nuclear, Electromagnetic and Gravitational Interactions

  • U.V.S. Seshavatharam Honorary Faculty, I-SERVE, Survey no-42, Hitex road, Hitech city, Hyderabad-84, Telangana, India.
  • S. Lakshminarayana Department of Nuclear Physics, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam-03, AP, India
Keywords: Final unification, Gravitational constants associated with strong and electromagnetic interactions


Even though ‘String theory’ models and “quantum gravity’ models [1, 2, 3] are having a strong mathematical back ground and sound physical basis, they are failing in implementing the Newtonian gravitational constant [4] in atomic and nuclear physics and thus seem to fail in developing a ‘workable’ model of final unification. It clearly indicates our lack of understanding and uncertain assumptions on which our current physics is being built up. The main issue is: to understand the basics of final unification from hidden, unknown and un-identified physics! Based on the old and ignored scientific assumption put forward by Nobel laureate Abdus Salam, we developed and compiled many interesting semi empirical relations assumed to be connected with nuclear physics, atomic physics and astrophysics [5, 6]. Based on ‘workability’, we appeal the readers to go through.


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How to Cite
U.V.S. Seshavatharam, & S. Lakshminarayana. (2017). Understanding the Basics of Final Unification With Three Gravitational Constants Associated With Nuclear, Electromagnetic and Gravitational Interactions . Journal of Nuclear Physics, Material Sciences, Radiation and Applications, 4(2), 355-373. https://doi.org/10.15415/jnp.2017.42031