Using Green Fluorescent Protein to Correlate Temperature and Fluorescence Intensity into Bacterial Systems
The unique and stunning spectroscopic properties of Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) from the jellyfish Aequorea victoria, not to mention of its remarkable structural stability, have made it one of the most widely studied and used molecular tool in medicine, biochemistry, and cell biology. Its high fluorescent quantum yield is due to its chromophore, structure responsible of emitting green visible light when excited at 395 nm. Although it is noteworthy that there is enormous available information of the wonderful luminescent properties of GFP, the fact is that there are features and properties unexplored yet, particulary about its capabilities as molecular reporter in several biological processes. In this work, we used recombinant DNA technology to express the protein in bacteria; prepared the bacterial system both in liquid and solid media, and assembled an experimental set to expose those media to a laser beam; thereby we excited the protein chromophore and used emission spectroscopy in order to observe variations in fluorescence when the bacterial system is exposed to different temperatures.
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