Applications of EM and Gravitational Force Strengths in Unification


  • U. V. S. Seshavatharam Honorary faculty, I-SERVE, Alakapuri,Hyderabad-35, AP, India.
  • S. Lakshminarayana Department of Nuclear Physics, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam-03, AP, India.



Gravity, Strong interaction, Unification, Nuclear charge radius, Planck’s constant, Strong coupling constant, Semi empirical mass formula


By implementing the unified mass unit Mc≅√e2/4πεoG the authors made an attempt to fit and understand the key ‘quantum’ and ‘nuclear’ physical parameters. With MC and by considering the electromagnetic and gravitational force ratio of proton and electron - the nuclear charge radius, the Planck’s constant and the strong coupling constant can be fitted in a unified approach. Finally by considering the proton rest energy and the nuclear charge radius the authors made an attempt to fit the semi empirical mass formula energy coefficients and stable heavy elements in a very simple way.


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How to Cite

Seshavatharam, U. V. S. .; Lakshminarayana, S. . Applications of EM and Gravitational Force Strengths in Unification. J. Nucl. Phy. Mat. Sci. Rad. A. 2014, 2, 15-24.