Potential of Some Fungal and Bacterial Species in Bioremediation of Heavy Metals

  • Raman Kumar Department of Biotechnology, M.M. University, Mullana-133203, Haryana, India
  • Prem Singh Department of Physics, S.D. College, Ambala Cantt.-133001, Haryana, India
  • Bhupinder Dhir Department of Genetics, South Campus, Delhi University, New Delhi-110021, India
  • Anil K Sharma Department of Biotechnology, M.M. University, Mullana-133203, Haryana, India
  • Devinder Mehta Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh-160014, India
Keywords: Heavy metals, Biosorption, Wastewater, Fungi, Bacteria

Abstract

Microorganisms including fungi and bacteria have been reported to extract heavy metals from wastewater through bioaccumulation and biosorption. An attempt was, therefore, made to isolate bacteria and fungi from sites contaminated with heavy metals for higher tolerance and removal from wastewater. Bacterial and fungal isolates were obtained from the samples collected from Karnal, Ambala and Yamunanagar districts of Haryana using enrichment culture technique. Bacterial and fungal isolates with tolerant up to 100 ppm concentration of heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Cr) were tested for their removal from liquid media containing 50 ppm concentration of Pb, Cd and Cr each. Five fungi (Penicillium chrysogenum, Aspegillus nidulans, Aspergillus flavus, Rhizopus arrhizus, Trichoderma viride) were also included in this study. Fungi Aspergillus nidulans, Rhizopus arrhizus and Trichoderma viride showed maximum uptake capacity of 25.67 mg/g for Pb, 13.15 mg/g for Cd and 2.55 mg/g of Cr, respectively. The maximum uptake capacity of tolerant bacterial isolates - BPb12 and BPb16, BCd5 and BCr14 were observed to be ~ 45 mg/g for Pb, 2.12 mg/g for Cd and 3.29 mg/g for Cr, respectively. This indicated the potential of these identified fungi and bacteria as biosorbent for removal of high concentration metals from wastewater and industrial effluents.

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Published
2014-02-24
How to Cite
Raman Kumar, Prem Singh, Bhupinder Dhir, Anil K Sharma, & Devinder Mehta. (2014). Potential of Some Fungal and Bacterial Species in Bioremediation of Heavy Metals . Journal of Nuclear Physics, Material Sciences, Radiation and Applications, 1(2), 213-223. https://doi.org/10.15415/jnp.2014.12017
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Articles