Theoretical Investigation of α-decay Chains of Fm-isotopes
Keywords:α-decay, relativistic mean-field, preformed cluster-decay model, preformation, half-lives
Background: The theoretical and experimental investigations of decay properties of heavy and superheavy nuclei are crucial to explore the nuclear structure and reaction dynamics.
Purpose: The aim of this study is to probe the α-decay properties of 243Fm and 245Fm isotopic chains using relativistic mean-field (RMF) approach within the framework of preformed cluster-decay model (PCM).
Methods: The RMF densities are folded with the relativistic R3Y NN potential to deduce the nuclear interaction potential between the α particle and daughter nucleus. The penetration probability is calculated within the WKB approximation.
Results: The α-decay half-lives of even-odd 243Fm and 245Fm isotopes and their daughter nuclei are obtained from the preformed cluster-decay model. These theoretically calculated half-lives are found to be in good agreement with the recent experimental measurements.
Conclusions: The novel result here is the applicability of the scaling factor within the PCM as a signature for shell/sub-shell closures in α-decay studies. As such, we have also demonstrated that N=137, 139 and Z=94 corresponding to 231,233Pu could be shell/sub-shell closures. The least T1/2 is found at 243,245Fm which indicate their individual stability and α-decay as their most probable decay mode.
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