A Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov Study on the Pairing Correlations of the Isotopes of Cobalt
Keywords:Pairing correlation, Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov theory, binding energy, pairing gap, neutron separation energy
Background: The phenomena of nucleon pairing could be outlined from the Bethe-Weizäcker semi-empirical formula, from which the nuclear properties, viz. the binding energy, stability, shape etc. could be clearly sketched. Though the pairing correlation seems to be a small correction to the binding energy term, it plays a determinative role in defining the structure of nuclear systems. The addition to the binding energy in turn affects the position of the isotope on the dripline and hence increases the stability.
Purpose: To study the effects of pairing on the ground state properties of the isotopes of Cobalt.
Methods: We use Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) theory for the study. The general wave functions for the HFB approach are determined from variational principle. The eigen functions for the Hamiltonian are connected with the particle operators through the Bogoliubov transformations. The Hartree-Fock energy is obtained through the minimization of the variational parameter and the HFB equation is solved by iterative diagonalization by restoring the particle number symmetry.
Results: The HFB analysis substantiates the effect of pairing correlation on binding energies, neutron and proton pairing energies, neutron and proton pairing gaps and one- and two-neutron separation energies of the Cobalt isotopes. The binding energies and one and two-neutron separation energies match with the experimental values and for pairing energies and pairing gaps, the regions where pairing is significant and the effects of shell closure at the vicinity of magic configuration of neutrons could be recognized.
Conclusion: The Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov calculations of the effects of pairing could be used as an efficient tool to study the nuclear structure. It can be ascertained that pairing plays an important role in determining the ground state properties of atomic nuclei.
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