Effective Atomic Number Dependence of Radiological Parameters of Some Organic Compounds at 122 KeV Gamma Rays

  • Mohinder Singh Department of Basic and Applied Sciences, Punjabi university, Patiala, 147002.
  • Akash Tondon Department of Physics, Punjabi university, Patiala, 147002.
  • Bhajan Singh Department of Physics, Punjabi university, Patiala, 147002.
  • B. S. Sandhu Department of Physics, Punjabi university, Patiala, 147002.
Keywords: Effective atomic number, mass-energy absorption coefficient, mass attenuation coefficient, HVL, CT number


Mass attenuation coefficient is a fundamental parameter of radiation interaction, from which the other radiological parameters like half Value Layer [HVL], tenth Value Layer [TVL], total atomic and electronic cross-sections, mass energy absorption coefficient, KERMA, CT number and effective atomic number are deduced. These parameters are extensively required in a number of fields such as diagnostic radiology, gamma ray spectroscopy, fluorescence analysis and reactor shielding. In the present work, mass attenuation coefficients are determined experimentally for some organic compounds at 122 keV incident photons using narrow-beam transmission geometry to establish a relation between effective atomic number (Zeff) and other deduced parameters. The experimental data for all these parameters are compared with the values deduced from WinXcom software package and are found to agree within experimental estimated errors. This study gives some insight about the photon interaction in some organic compounds whose effective atomic numbers match with some human body fluids.


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How to Cite
Mohinder Singh, Akash Tondon, Bhajan Singh, & B. S. Sandhu. (2018). Effective Atomic Number Dependence of Radiological Parameters of Some Organic Compounds at 122 KeV Gamma Rays . Journal of Nuclear Physics, Material Sciences, Radiation and Applications, 5(2), 299-310. https://doi.org/10.15415/jnp.2018.52027